art & spirituality
Cover image: Kasimir Malevich, Hieratic Suprematist Cross. 1920/21.
- The Spiritual in Art: Abstract Painting 1890-1985 (NY, London, Paris: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Abbeville Press, 1986). The catalog for an exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, also shown at the Chicago Museum of Modern Art and the Haags Gemeentemuseum in the Hague during 1986 and 1987.
- Kandinsky, Wassily: Concerning the Spiritual in Art (1912).
- Piet Mondrian. An influential non-representational painter, Piet Mondrian’s art evolved over his lifetime into his own unique style, which he coined “neoplasticism.” This art was not based on outside artistic influences or on typical techniques, but was instead Mondrian’s interpretation of his deeply felt philosophical beliefs. He subscribed to two sets of philosophical beliefs; theosophy, a religious mysticism which sought to help humanity achieve perfection, and anthroposophy, which held that the spiritual world was directly accessible through the development of the inner self. His works were thus aimed at helping humanity through aesthetic beauty and breaking from a representational form of painting. He published his explanation of neo-plasticism in his art
- publication "De Stijl" in 1917 and 1918. Piet Mondrian. Composition No.10 (Pier and Ocean) / Compositie nr.10 (Pier en oceaan). Oil on canvas. 85 x 108 cm. Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, the Netherlands.
- Kazimir Malevich, Russian Painter and Sculptor. Born February 26, 1879 near Kiev, Ukraine, died May 15, 1935 -Leningrad, USSR.
- Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Henri Matisse, Les pavots—Feu d’artifice, 1919, oil on canvas, Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan.
- Raw vision What is Outsider Art. http://rawvision.com/about/whatoutsider-art. Jean Dubuffet "Limbour as a Crustacean, 1946". Hirshorn Museum in Washington, D.C.
- Georg Baselitz. Georg Baselitz was born in 1938 in Deutschbaselitz, Saxony. Neo-Expressionist painter.
- René Magritte. René François Ghislain Magritte (French; 21 November 1898
- – 15 August 1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for a number of witty and thought-provoking images that fall under the umbrella of surrealism. His work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality.
- Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956), known professionally as Jackson Pollock, was an influential American painter and a major
- figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique
style of drip painting. Photo: Hans Namuth.
- Automatic drawing was pioneered by Andre Masson. Artists who practised automatic drawing include Joan Miro, Salvador Dali, Jean Arp and Adre Breton.
- Joseph Beuys (German: 12 May 1921 – 23 January 1986) was a German Fluxus, happening and performance artist as well as a sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art. Image: Joseph Beuys by Andy Warhol.
- Giorgio Morandi (July 20, 1890 – June 18, 1964) was an Italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still life. His paintings are noted for their tonal subtlety in depicting apparently simple subjects, which were limited mainly to vases, bottles, bowls, flowers and landscapes.
- The Bhagavad Gita: (Classics of Indian Spirituality by Eknath Easwaran.
- Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer and filmmaker, teacher and political activist.
- Alain de Botton, (born 20 December 1969) is a Swiss writer, philosopher, and television presenter who currently lives in the United Kingdom. His books and television programs discuss various contemporary subjects and themes, emphasizing philosophy's relevance to everyday life.
- Mark Rothko (born Markus Yakovlevich Rotkovich (September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970), was an American painter of Russian Jewish descent. Image: "RED". Guggenheim Museum.
- James Swartz, Vedanta teacher, was born in Butte, Montana in 1941. The principal influences on his teaching have been Swami Chinmayananda, Swami Abhedananda and Swami Dayananda. Visit James' website, shiningworld.com, for more information about his work.
- Nam June Paik (July 20, 1932 – January 29, 2006) was a Korean American artist. He worked with a variety of media and is considered to be the founder of video art.
- Yvonne Rand is a meditation teacher and lay householder priest in the Soto Zen Buddhist tradition. She began her practice and study of Zen with Shunryu Suzuki Roshi in 1966.
- Agnes Bernice Martin (March 22, 1912 – December 16, 2004) was an American abstract painter. Often referred to as a minimalist.
- Ann Hamilton. Born in Lima, Ohio, in 1956. Website of the artist: www.annhamiltonstudio.com
- Upanishads. The upanishads are expositions of doctrine, typically found in the concluding portions of the brAhmaNas and AraNyakas of the four vedas. A number of upanishads are extant today, with commentaries on them by representatives of various schools of vedAnta. The upanishads are not to be seen as uniform books -each text is connected to the veda in which it occurs, and the upanishadic teaching is often presented in the context of a particular vedic hymn or ritual. In the vedAnta traditions, the upanishads are referred to as gthe Sruti prasthAna, i.e. revealed scripture, from which knowledge of brahman is obtained. www.advaita-vedanta.org
- Ramana Maharshi (30 December 1879 – 14 April 1950) was an Indian sage and jivanmukta. He was born Venkataraman Iyer, in Tiruchuli, Tamil Nadu, South India, and given the name Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi in 1907, by one of his first devotees, Ganapati Muni. This would be the name by which he became more widely known. In 1896, at the age of 16, he became aware that "his real nature was formless, immanent consciousness," resulting in a state which he later described as enlightenment. Six weeks later he left his family home in Madurai, and journeyed to the holy mountain Arunachala, in Tiruvannamalai, where he would remain for the rest of his life.
- David Godman (born 1953) is widely acknowledged to be one of the leading authorities on the life, teachings and disciples of Ramana Maharshi. www.davidgodman.org
- Marina Abramović (born November 30, 1946) is a Serbian performance artist based in New York. Her work explores the relationship between performer and audience, the limits of the body, and the possibilities of the mind.
- Gendun Rinpoche was born in the Earth Horse year (1918) in the Kham region of eastern Tibet. His activity took him to a great number of European countries. He passed away on the 31st October 1997 in his room at Dhagpo Kundreul Ling in the Auvergne, France.
- Matthijs Warner Leijenaar, born 1951 in Naarden the Netherlands. Lives in Tavira Portugal and works there as an artist.